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Abstract


In Regard to Concept of Social Complexity
The political and socio-cultural atmosphere of the 1960s, which was characterised by a ‘quest for a new world’ put new questions into the agendas of the social sciences, such as anthropology and archaeology. These questions initiated new research programs focusing on the hierarchical and authoritarian order of today's world systems. This process, which addressed themes such as social order, simple and complex societies, egalitarian societies and/or the origins of inequality, and made them principal questions of various research agendas, is an outcome of a genuine political and socio-cultural a search in the field of social sciences. The main outcome of these studies was the formation of an analytical structure aimed at explaining how the inner dynamics of societies really worked. In this work we will try to evaluate the prominent factors of complexity, and use the concept of social complexity to understand and explain societies' social organization systems and how political and socio-cultural backgrounds affect approaches employing this concept. Our aim is to emphasis that even similar social systems, life-ways and circumstances may not be enough to schematize societies and to embody parameters of social complexity. We accomplish this by reviewing hypothesis and critiques, and presenting a case study of the Inuit society.

Keywords
Complex Societies, Social Organization, Inequality, Hypothesis and Reviews, Inuits


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