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Abstract


The Socio-Cultural Analysis of Salat Tepe EBA IV Settlement Based on The Function and Distributon of Coarse Wares
The common vessels used in daily life, produced for cooking or storage, provide data on the socio-cultural structure of the communities using them. At Salat Tepe, located in the Upper Tigris Region, a Late Akkadian (EBA IVA) and a Post-Akkadian (EBA IVB) settlement have been uncovered. Both settlement levels include many pots belonging to Plain Simple Wares and Grit Tempered Cooking Pots, widespread in Northern Mesopotamia throughout the EBA. According to their technical characteristics and the character of their contexts, coarse pottery was used for food preparation, cooking and storage. In this study, the function of these vessels have been interpreted through analyzing their shapes and volumes. Salat Tepe period IIA was represented by two architectural levels; a lower level comprised of a central building and small houses around (IIA: 6), and an upper level consisting of only small houses (IIA: 5). While no significant difference between the ceramic assemblages of both levels are noticed, the number of vessels in the upper level doubles those of the lower, indicating a population growth. The differences observed in their shapes, volumes and distribution between both levels revealed dissimilar social structures with different cooking and eating traditions.

Keywords
Salat Tepe, Early Bronze Age IV, Coarse Ceramics, Architecture, Social Structure.


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